Swollen feet are quite common during pregnancy. They occur during the second and third trimesters. This is usually normal and passes off after delivery. This swelling during pregnancy is called Edema. If they persist for more than a day at a time or become severe and extend onto the hands, body or face as well, consult your doctor.
Your growing uterus applies more pressure on your pelvic veins and inferior vena cava. This results in restriction of blood circulation and increases the fluid retention in your feet.
A major symptom of edema is the puffiness in your hands and feet.
You can try and prevent edema by adopting the following:
Do not keep your hands and feet in a lowered position.
Walk around and take a break when possible.
Lie down on your left side to minimise the blood flow restriction.
Avoid tight fitting clothes that control the blood flow.
Do not allow yourself to become dehydrated. This leads to water retention.
Maintain a healthy balanced diet.
Walk regularly as an exercise after discussion with your doctor.
Stroke or massage the swollen area with essential oils such as lavender and rosemary.
Video on Coping with Swelling During Pregnancy
If you find yourself subject to edema, try out the following tips:
Maintain a healthy diet and drink plenty of liquids.
Keep your feet at a raised level over the ground.
Do not keep standing for long periods of time.
Wear footwear that is comfortable for you. Selecting a size bigger than your usual size is a good choice.
If you are lying down, keep your feet raised higher than your heart.